People and places change as they become more developed. development can help countries progress and become better places to live. Countries are described either developed or developing. Developed countires are mainly in the northern hemisphere and include places in Europe and North America. Developing countries are generally poorer and have a lower standard of living than developed countries. These are located mainly in South America, Africa and Asia.

How can we measure development?

Development is measured by looking at the wealth of a country. The best way to measure wealth is to work out a country's Gross National Product (GNP). This is the total amount of money earned by a country divided by the amount of people living there. More developed countries have a higher GNP. Social, economic and cultural indicators also need to be taken in to consideration when looking at how developed each country is. Social indicators look at services such as healthcare and education. Access to these services is often higher in developed countries. Energy use, trade and income are all economic indicators. C
ultural indicators look at the effect of traditions, religion and the way of life.

How can population be used to measure development?

Population statistics help us measure development. We can look at statistics such as the birth rate or death rate and gain an indication of the situation within the country. Developed countries tend to have lower birth and death rates. They also have a higher life expectancy. This means that the people living in developed countries tend to live for longer. The infant mortality rate is also lower in developed countries.


No country in the world has everything it needs. This means that countries have to work together to meet the needs of the country. This is called interdependence. The main way countries become interdependent is by trading goods to one another. Developed countries generally become richer from trade than de
veloping countries. This sometimes means that developing countries grow poorer trying to pay for expensive products from developed countries. Often developing countries need aid to help them. Countries these days are more interdependent than in the past because of improvements in transport and communications. Many companies have factories in developing countries because it is cheaper to produce goods there. This process is called globalisation.


Brazil is the biggest country in South America. It has a very diverse landscape. The world's second longest river the Amazon is in Brazil. Brazil has areas of desert and beautiful beaches. The Amazon Rain forest is also located in there. Brazil's main cities include Sao Paulo and Rio de Janerio. The population of Brazil is very diverse and many Brazilians are of mixed descent.


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